Kilimanjaro Mountain has 5,895 meters (19,340 feet) of height above sea level; it is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world. Although Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest free-standing mountain in the world, its attractions have been signified by the fact that it is relatively easy to ascent from this mountain. Kilimanjaro Mountain is one of among beautiful National Parks in Tanzania
This mountain attracts many visitors, and it has become a significant destination for mountaineers and trekkers from all over the world. Mountain Kilimanjaro has three summits, and these are Shira, Kibo, and Mawenzi. Shira and Mawenzi have both suffered from significant erosion, and currently, they have jagged peaks. Kibo, which is the central and the highest peak among the three summits, has survived the environmental changes and its peak has almost a perfect cone.
Where Is Kilimanjaro Mountain?
Mount Kilimanjaro is located in the Northern region of Tanzania, at the Kilimanjaro National Park. It covers an area of 100 kilometers long and 65 km wide.
The mountain is a volcano which is comprised of three volcanic cones, Shira, Kibo (where Uhuru summit stands), and Mawenzi.
Kibo is categorized as dormant but not extinct. The last climactic eruption from Kibo happened 360,000 years ago. The previous volcanic action occurred 200 Decades ago and led to the modern ash pit (observable from Uhuru Peak)
Kilimanjaro Mountain Height
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and the most incredible free-standing mountain in the world. By free-standing, or non-massif, we imply it is not part of a hill range.
The height of Mount Kilimanjaro is 5,895m or 19,341 ft, and its main summit is named Uhuru Peak. To put Mt Kilimanjaro’s height into perspective, Mount Everest stands in 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) — just over 2,950 meters higher.
But here is an interesting Kilimanjaro Fact: Both Everest Base Camp’s (EBC) — South and North — are under the summit of Kilimanjaro; however, most climbers take upwards of 8-10 days to achieve EBC.
On Kilimanjaro trekkers on fast routes get to the summit within 4-5 days. The rapid ascent of Mount Kilimanjaro makes it a hard and rather dangerous mountain to hike as a result of dangers of Altitude Sickness.
As the highest mountain in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro makes up among the Seven Summits (i.e. most remarkable mountains on each of the seven continents).
Kilimanjaro Mountain Map
The 7 Mount Kilimanjaro Routes
The Machame route is highly recommended for scenic value and also has a moderate to high success rate, particularly if you opt for the seven-day itinerary. The six-day choices are not suggested for first-time trekkers
it’s a great Kilimanjaro route for acclimatization as it’s a climb high, sleep low chance for trekkers on day three.
Here trekkers climb from Shira Camp two to Lava Tower in 4,600 meters, in which they have lunch and hike back down to Barranco Camp (3,900 meters) to sleep
Like most Kilimanjaro routes, the Machame is a challenging trek with magnificent scenery through four varied climatic zones
There’s a Fantastic opportunity to split pre-summit day climb by adding an Excess rest day at Karanga Camp (just available to seven-day trekkers) to depart hikers well-rested before summiting
The course has however got very popular over the past few years that means it can get busy, especially at Barranco where they combine with trekkers in the Lemosho, Shira, and Umbwe routes
The Machame route only provides fully catered camping
The Lemosho is a gorgeous route that departs on the West side of Mount Kilimanjaro owing to its course profile that the Lemosho can be done over a seven or eight-day trip and provides tons of chances to acclimatize properly.
Due to it is versatile route profile it’s a highly recommended Kilimanjaro route which has comparatively higher summit success speeds
it’s also recommended as the beginning point is relatively distant and thus provides trekkers having a somewhat new and wild beginning to their
Kilimanjaro experience. Spotting enormous wildlife, such as antelope, buffalo, and even elephant is odd but not impossible
The road also offers unparalleled and breathtaking views of the stunning gorges that describe the western side of Mount Kilimanjaro
The Lemosho provides trekkers with the adventure of trekking across the Shira Plateau — one of the most prominent high altitude plateaus on the planet
Trekkers around the Lemosho typically converge with Machame route daily 3 in Barranco camp and apply the Barafu camp path to the summit nonetheless. It’s now relatively standard for Lemosho trekkers to veer north before Lava Tower to combine the Northern Circuit that strikes the north side of Mount Kilimanjaro and follows an attack passage through
The Marangu course was Nicknamed ‘the coca-Cola’ route as Coke was purchased along the way in tea huts.
Unprepared, inexperienced climbers often select the path as a result of the reputation to be the”easiest” route, attributing to the lower success rate
It is also the shortest Kilimanjaro route using a relatively low acclimatization profile, and this is a significant contributor to the meagre achievement rates around the Marangu.
The six-day itinerary will allow trekkers to climb high, sleep low; however, the altitude is moderate and less potent as other climbs high, sleep low chances which are present on other Kilimanjaro routes.
Out of all the Kilimanjaro paths, the Marangu route is the only one with dormitory-style accommodation in huts for the entire period of the climb. The huts come with mattresses and basic conveniences, making them a popular choice for budget operators that do not have the correct equipment to tackle the other Kilimanjaro paths.
The Marangu offers beautiful views from the Saddle but can be considered less scenic than other Kilimanjaro routes because of ascent and descent on the same trail.
The Rongai route is the only northern beginning point to Kilimanjaro, starting about the North East side of Kilimanjaro National Park.
The Rongai delivers a real wilderness adventure on the first phases of the rise, and such as the Lemosho route it’s likely to see substantial wildlife such as buffalo, antelope, and elephant.
The Northern slopes tend to be drier than the slopes that make the Rongai a fantastic Kilimanjaro Route for hiking during the rainy season. But since the northern slopes are drier, they may likewise be considered significantly less scenic.
That is having been said; a northern strategy can be characterized by obvious views of Kilimanjaro — a thing that’s not so ordinary from the southern side.
The Rongai can also be a flatter path for the first couple of days making for simple trekking. The route is generally completed on a seven-day trip but has restricted scale high, sleep low chances so that acclimatization chances aren’t as great as on additional Kilimanjaro paths.
Normally the Rongai route employs the passing from School Hut up beyond Hans Meyer Cave and Gilman’s Point to Uhuru Peak. The path descends through the Marangu route. Thus the path has completely catered camping before the previous night to the mountain — beers in Horombo Hut anybody?
The Northern Circuit is the greatest path on Mount Kilimanjaro, also contains among the maximum peak success rates since the road provides a lot of climbs high, sleep low chances, and time to acclimatize
The path departs from the same beginning point as Lemosho but joins the Northern Circuit near Lava Tower, prior to exposing the north-west slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro
The summit attack is through Gilman’s Point. The path can be completed within an eight or nine-day trip if you’re searching for a silent and crazy Kilimanjaro adventure, then this path is right for you.
Same as Lemosho, except Shira offers a higher start point and therefore poorer acclimatization It is a route that we wouldn’t recommend because of its high start point.
The Umbwe Route Includes a short and steep Startup Profile to Barranco camp in Which trekkers join climbers in the Lemosho, Shira, and Machame Course. Many Umbwe route trekkers do Not Combine the southern circuit in Barranco but Rather continue Northup to Lava Tower then on the Western Breach.
The Umbwe has Inferior acclimatization Chances Because of Its rapid ascent, and so success rates Could be Reduced on this Kilimanjaro route
Fully catered camping Just
Western Breach Route
The Western Breach is the most technically Tough Method of Mount Kilimanjaro, but Maybe the Very rewarding! The strategy into the Western Breach generally starts about the Umbwe Route and continues north and north from Lava Tower
The Western Breach was shut as a result of a deadly rockfall in 2006 but reopened in 2007 with new and safer path settings. Nevertheless, many tour operators do not offer the Western Breach on their course roster.
Simply advised for seasoned trekkers — it is Suggested that most Western Breach climbers use helmets and it Isn’t uncommon to Want point crampons throughout the rainy season, and sub-surface ice hockey can be a problem. Success levels are generally moderate to high because the road is generally only handled by experienced high altitude trekkers
How to Get To Kilimanjaro Mountain
Before you start your hiking escapade to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, you will need to establish how to get there, and the best mode of transport to suit your itinerary or tour. Travellers flying from the UK, the US, Australia or Canada and other parts of the world have a few options to explore, the most popular being the Kilimanjaro Airport.
Each of these options should be carefully considered based on your budget and how much time you have to explore Tanzania before, or after your trek. Most importantly, don’t be tricked into booking the cheapest flight without considering if there might be a catch; including long layover times, additional visas, or transport arrangements.
Mount Kilimanjaro from Kilimanjaro Airport
The best option would be to pick one of the direct flights into Kilimanjaro airport, located approximately 45 kilometers from the towns of Moshi, Marangu, or Arusha as this is where most climbs will start or where your small group tour will meet. Airlines that fly into Kilimanjaro airport include:
• Turkish Airlines
• Ethiopian Airlines
Travellers should note these direct flights or airlines may be subject to change; please check the airline’s websites and the Kilimanjaro Airport one for further information.
Mount Kilimanjaro from Julius Nyerere International Airport
If you don’t want to pick one of the direct flights to the Kilimanjaro Airport, the next option for travelers is to fly into Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar es Salaam, as this is the main hub for domestic and international travelers. Domestic flights within Tanzania are operated by regional airlines, including:
• Precision Air
• Hanh Air
• Kenya Air
Julius Nyerere International Airport is located just 12 kilometers from the Dar es Salaam city center. Depending on how your tour or itinerary is planned, there are also many operators that will start their tours in Dar es Salaam and travel overland to the towns of Moshi or Arusha.
If time allows, you could always stay in Dar es Salaam and enjoy the time before your hike on a few of the beaches including Kipepeo Beach, Coco Beach or Mbezi Beach, something you can’t do from the Kilimanjaro Airport.
Mount Kilimanjaro from Nairobi Airport
Another option that is sometimes overlooked is for travelers to fly into Nairobi Airport in Kenya and book a one-hour connecting direct flights to Kilimanjaro airport. If you do arrive in Kenya, there is the option for you to arrive by land into Arusha via shuttle bus or a private transfer (depending on your budget). Flights to Nairobi are likely to be cheaper than flying directly into Kilimanjaro Airport and allow for the opportunity to explore another region before trekking to Mount Kilimanjaro.
It is worth noting that while the initial flight into Kenya might seem cheaper, travelers should consider the cost of an additional visa to Kenya, local taxis, and accommodation if spending a night in Nairobi before traveling onwards and starting the tour in Arusha.
Kilimanjaro Mountain Climbing
Almost everyone – regardless of age or physical condition – can climb Kilimanjaro.
The physical undertaking of Mount Kilimanjaro is not to be looked at lightly, but as long as you gather as much information as possible, and physically prepare yourself, your chances of reaching the summit are good.
The more preparation you do (both physically and mentally), the more confident you’ll be, and you’ll enjoy the journey much more. The Swahili saying pole pole, meaning slowly slowly, is the Kilimanjaro mantra that applies to your preparation for the trek. Take it easy, don’t rush, and take each step as it comes.
Some hikers frequently participate in marathons or long-distance events, and even still, they will still struggle to reach the summit of Kilimanjaro. Others will prepare with little training and find Kilimanjaro challenging, but complete the ascent with ease. It all depends on how you handle acclimatization. The best advice for all hikers or trekkers is to train slowly and steadily and to get yourself in the best possible hiking shape.
Kilimanjaro training program
- Climbing Kilimanjaro is in fact, just one long hike, and the best way to prepare for a long hike is to complete a few yourself. Strong, conditioned legs make it easier to walk uphill or downhill for extended periods of time.
- Where possible, strengthening your cardiovascular system beforehand will make you feel much less strained. Jump on a bike, go for a run, get moving, or do whatever activity feels best and will get your heart rate up.
- The best thing for you to do is to strap on your hiking boots and get moving. It might be challenging at first, but you’ll thank yourself later.
If you are embarking on a few hikes, it’s essential that during your training you wear the boots that you intend to climb with so that they are sufficiently broken-in, to avoid nasty blisters during your Kilimanjaro hike.
Kilimanjaro training tips
Unsurprisingly, a positive mental attitude can work wonders. You might be an eternally positive person, but the journey to the summit is no walk in the Park which is when fatigue and doubts start to arise.
Like any marathon, it’s the last mile that is the most mentally challenging. If you can get in the marathon state of mind at least once before Kilimanjaro, you will be perfectly prepared for the final push up the slopes.
We’re not saying you need to run a marathon in order to prepare for Kilimanjaro, but it is important to know the power of drawing on your mental stamina to keep going.
Altitude training for Kilimanjaro
As the Kilimanjaro climbing success rates show, some people can climb Kilimanjaro in as little as five days (not recommended), while some hikers still fail to reach the summit within 8 or 9 days. It is impossible to tell how well a climber may fare in an oxygen-deprived atmosphere until you reach Kilimanjaro.
Yes, there are high altitude training systems that enable climbers to pre-acclimatize at home. But if you’re unable to access such resources, one of the best ways to prepare for your hike is:
- To allow ample time to acclimatize during the start of your trek
- To take the journey one step at a time.
If you can afford to go for the long trek, just do it – or risk not reaching the summit.
What To Do At Mount Kilimanjaro
Climbing the famous Mount Kilimanjaro is what brings most travelers to this Park. The hike takes at least five nights of acclimatization to avoid altitude sickness. Other hiking trails are available, with varying levels of difficulty from nature trails to mountaineering. A crater lake on the southeastern side of the mountain is a beautiful hike.
Best Time To Visit Mount Kilimanjaro
The key seasons are December to March and June to October with temperatures at Moshi averaging 22 degrees C and peak temperatures about – 7 degrees C. The rains have been in April, May, and November, but today climate change has transformed this pattern, therefore, occasionally the rains come sooner or later. Throughout the rains, we operate our Rongai climbs as the northern side of the mountain is much more populous.
A full moon climb of Kilimanjaro, or really a new moonrise, is frequently a favorite time to grow. Summit night could be spent walking beneath the light of a complete silvery moon, so you don’t actually require a headtorch; or, because Kilimanjaro is located on the equator, under a complete sky of both south and north constellations.
If you wish to prevent the busier nights on a complete moon, then we advise that you cancel your peak night. There can be no doubt that on certain nights that the summit path can be quite busy with a lot of folks leaving camp at precisely the exact same time and originally creating a bottleneck. These bands spread out fairly fast though.
The climate of Mount Kilimanjaro
Temperature At Kilimanjaro Mountain
At the beginning of the climb, at the base of the mountain, the average temperature is around 70°F to 80°F (27°C to 32°C). From there, the temperatures will decrease as you move upwards through Mount Kilimanjaro ecological zones.
At the summit, Uruhu Peak, the night time temperatures can range between 0°F to -15F (-18°C to -26°C). Due to Mount Kilimanjaro’s great height, the mountain creates its weather. It is extremely variable and impossible to predict.
Rainfall At Kilimanjaro Mountain
The long rains are from March to late May, and the short rains are from Mid October to late December.
Activities at Mount Kilimanjaro
- Mountain climbing
- Hikes on the Shira plateau (Day or Overnight)
- Nature trails on the lower reaches
- Swimming around the area like in YMCA
- Visit the beautiful Chala Crater Lake on the mountain’s southeastern slopes.
Accommodation at Mount Kilimanjaro
There is a variety of accommodation in Moshi that will meet most budgets. Camps and huts are spaced throughout the Park.